Lemon (scientific name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.), Rutaceae citrus plants, also known as lemon lemon fruit, lemon, motherwort fruit yang. small tree with small prickles or short prickly branches and dark purple red leaves and flower buds, thick paper, oval or oval leaves. Single flowers axillary or small flowers clustered. Fruit elliptic or ovate, thick skin, often rough, lemon yellow, fruit acid to very acid, seeds are small, ovate, pointed; seed coat smooth, cotyledons milky white, usually a single or a combination of polyembryony. The flowering period is 4-5 months, and the fruit period is 9-11 months.
The lemon is produced in the south of the Yangtze River in China, and is native to Southeast Asia. The main origin is the United States, Italy, Spain and Greece.
Lemon because of its very sour taste, most pregnant women eating liver deficiency, so that the fruit or the mother of motherwort. Lemon is rich in citric acid, so it is known as the "citric acid warehouse". Fruit juicy meat crisp. It has rich aroma. Because of its acid taste, it can only be used as a first-class seasoning, used to modulate beverage dishes, cosmetics and medicines.in addition, the lemon is rich in vitamin C, can reduce phlegm and relieve cough, and make a healthy stomach. For bronchitis, whooping cough, loss of appetite, vitamin deficiency, heat polydipsia and other symptoms, it is "scurvy".
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