Pomegranate (Latin name: Punica granatum L.) deciduous trees or shrubs; single leaves, usually raw or clustered, without foliage. Flowers terminal or nearly terminal, solitary or clustered or forming cymes, nearly bell shaped, lobes 5-9, petals 5-9, multiple folds, imbricate, ovules majority. The berries are spherical with a persistent calyx lobes at the top and thick skin; most of the seeds are near the globular fruit, and the fruit ripening period is 9-10 months. The outer skin is translucent and juicy; the inner testa is leathery.
Sweet, sour, warm, with insecticidal, convergence, astringent, dysentery and other effects. The fruit of pomegranate is rich in nutrition, and the content of vitamin C is one or two times higher than that of apple and pear.
The history of the cultivation of pomegranates in China can be traced back to the Han Dynasty. According to Lu Gong records, Zhang Qian was introduced from the western regions. It is cultivated in the north and south of China. The planting area is large in Anhui, Jiangsu, Henan and other places, and some better varieties are cultivated. Anhui Huaiyuan county is the country of pomegranate in China, and "Huaiyuan pomegranate" is the national geographic symbol protection product.
China traditional culture as the pomegranate as a mascot, regarded it as a symbol of fertility.
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