Papaya (scientific name: Chaenomeles sinensis (Thouin) Koehne): Rosaceae Chaenomeles, shrubs or small trees, 5-10 meters high, leaf blade elliptic ovate or elliptic obovate oblong, thin, 5-8 cm long, 5.5 cm wide and 3.5 - 5-10 mm long, petiole, micro pilose, glandular teeth; fruit oblong 10-15 cm long, dark yellow, wood, aromatic flavor, fruit stalk short. The flowering period is April, the fruit period is 9-10 months.
Shandong, Shaanxi, Henan (Tongbai), Hubei, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Guangxi.
Common cultivated ornamental fruit, astringent, boiled or dipping sugar for food, medicine, a hangover to phlegm, Qi, antidiarrheal effect. After drying, the peel is still smooth and not crinkled, so it is known as papaya. Wood is hard to be used as a bed column.
Another native species "papaya" in South America was introduced into China in seventeenth Century, and now it has become a popular fruit, and is often referred to as "papaya".
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